Markup languages are the building block of the Web. They help you create everything from the most simplistic of web pages to the development of feature rich content, forming the basis for dynamic pages.
HTML is a markup language that lets you format web pages. It can be used in tandem with Cascading Style Sheets (CSSS) which is to style content which is displayed in a browser. The code used to specify formats are called tags. HTML is used to create elements using tags to be viewed within a browser. HTML is used to create basic styled elements which are later styled using CSS. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the look and formatting of a document written in a markup language.
“As of October 2014 this (HTML5) is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997. ” – Wikipedia
To start off learning HTML, you can access http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp.
Move your way through the tutorials and test them in the editor provided.
Once you start getting some traction with HTML, you’ll see it move you to other parts of the Web namely CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), the next logical step.
A few pointers:
- The very first line you type in your file should be <! DOCTYPE html> before the <html> tag. <!DOCTYPE> is not an HTML tag, but rather is an instruction to the browser about what version of HTML the code is written in. <! DOCTYPE html> is a HTML 5 declaration.
- Save your file with either a “.htm” extension or a “.html” extension. There are conflicting points of view about which extension to use, and some say “.htm” has been deprecated. Among other searches we checked http://www.w3schools.com/html/html_editors.asp. “You can use either .htm or .html as file extension. There is no difference, it is up to you.”
- Also, you can look at previous blog posts to see which editing tool to use.
- To get started, open your editing tool and start getting familiar using the syntax.
- View results in your browser by double clicking on the html file. Every time you make a change in the code, you have to save the file and refresh the document in your browser.
Happy coding ! Check this feed for articles about CSS and more.